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Abnormal Skin Pigmentation

Speak to the Cosmetic Medical Clinic about the pigmentation removal prices we offer in Sydney. Irregularities in the skin’s pigmentation are a result of a decrease or abnormal production and deposition of melanin (pigment) by the melanocytes. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells that determine the colour of our skin. Production of melanin is dependent on a number of variables such as hormones, drugs, trauma and UV or sun exposure, and is a natural protective mechanism of the skin when exposed to these elements and factors. There are two main terms when addressing issues of pigmentation:

  • Hyperpigmentation – The production of excess melanin causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots, pregnancy mask are all types of hyperpigmentation
  • Hypopigmentation – Characterised by loss of colour to the skin, it is due to the absence of normal amounts of melanin (the chemical that gives skin its colour) caused by disease, injury, burns or other trauma to the skin.
Skin pigmentation is further categorised into the different layers of the skin:
  • Epidermal (superficial) pigmentation – These pigmentation types are usually close to the surface of the skin and are induced by sun exposure and include solar lentigos, freckles, and cafe-au-lait macules
  • Dermal (deep) pigmentation – These pigmentation types are usually found in the dermal layers, and include hori’s macules, and naevus of ota
  • Mixed dermal/epidermal pigmentation – These pigmentation types traverse through both the superficial and deeper layers of the skin. Melasma is an example of this.

What causes Hyperpigmentation?

Excess skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is usually caused by an overwhelming of the melanin-protective system. This leads to excess production and clumping of melanin, and the appearance of brown or darker spots of pigmentation in the skin.

Reasons for skin pigmentation problems include:

  • UV radiation – The most common cause, especially in areas of high UV radiation levels like Australia.
  • Hormonal – A common cause as seen in melasma or chloasma, that is a type of pigmentation usually caused by pregnancy or the pill.
  • Trauma to the skin – This can be a result of physical trauma to the skin, chemical peels, laser treatments, or acne. This is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
  • Birthmarks and acquired pigmentation – Skin pigmentation can be present at birth (birthmarks), appear in childhood, or adulthood. Examples of these include; congenital melanocytic naevus, cafe au lait spots, spilus naevus, hori’s macules, and naevus of ota.

What causes Hypopigmentation?

The most common cause of hypopigmentation is damage or trauma to the skin. Burns, infections, pimples, blisters, scrapes, and any injuries that result in scarring can all lead to skin discolouration.

CMC provides pigmentation correction in Sydney

The options for pigmentation removal procedures are wide-ranging, from topical lightening creams to CO2 skin resurfacing. The type of correction and pigmentation removal costs would vary depending on individual factors such as the type of pigmentation, gender, skin type and background. At the Cosmetic Medical Clinic Sydney, we are able to correct a wide range of pigmentation problems, to great effect using the latest technology from around the world. This includes techniques suitable as a treatment for melasma.

Pulsed Light 570 – Medical IPL for the correction of superficial pigmentation

Pixel – Erbium Fractional Skin Resurfacing for the correction of superficial pigmentation

Fotona QX Max – Q-Switched laser for the correction of superficial and deep pigmentation

EXELO2 – CO2 Fractional Skin Resurfacing for the correction of superficial and deep pigmentation

For information on our prices or to enquire about pigmentation removal procedures – including melasma treatment – at the Cosmetic Medical Clinic, call 02 9211 6916 or fill out the form below to send us an online enquiry. We would love the opportunity to organise an obligation and fee free consultation with one of our Sydney specialists.

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